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Monte Alban:Th runins of a culture

The Zapotec Civilization

Image by Xavier Donat via Flickr

It was ridge top site of  the ruin of one of the important cultural remains of Mexico.It was an ancient center of ZAPOTEC culture, located near Oaxaca, Mexico.

Zapotec civilization had its beginnings in the Oaxaca valley in the late 6th Century BC. The three branches of the valley were divided between 3 different sized societies, separated by 80 km2 “no-man’s-land” in the central valley.

At the end of the Rosario phase (700 – 500 BC), something happened, the valley’s largest settlement San José Mogote, and other nearby settlement in the Etla valley arm, lost most of its population.

Similarities between the pottery of San José Mogote and at early Monte Albán indicate that the people who populated Monte Albán where the people who had left San José Mogote.[2] Archaeologists Joyce Marcus and Kent V. Flannery argue that this process is similar to the process of synoikism of ancient Greece, that is a centralization of smaller dispersed populations in one central city, often in order to meet an external threat.[3] Even though there are no direct evidence for such an external threat in the early phases of Monte Albáns history

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