The Rubik’s Cube is a 3-D mechanical puzzle invented in 1974by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik. Originally called the “Magic Cube” the puzzle was licensed by Rubik to be sold by Ideal Toy Corp. in 1980and won the German Game of the Year special award for Best Puzzle that year.
In a classic Rubik’s Cube, each of the six faces is covered by nine stickers, among six solid colours (traditionally white, red, blue, orange, green, and yellow).[ A pivot mechanism enables each face to turn independently, thus mixing up the colours. For the puzzle to be solved, each face must be a solid colour. Similar puzzles have now been produced with various numbers of stickers, not all of them by Rubik.
The original 3×3×3 version celebrated its thirtieth anniversary in 2010
The puzzle consists of twenty-six unique miniature cubes, also called “cubies” or “cubelets”. Each of these includes a concealed inward extension that interlocks with the other cubes, while permitting them to move to different locations