Gavrilo Princip was a Bosnian Serb and Yugoslav hero associated with the movement Mlada Bosna (Young Bosnia).Gavrilo Princip was born in the village of Obljaj, a poor area of Bosnia near Bosansko Grahovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungarian Empire, the son of a postman.
Most historians agree that Princip was a member of the group known as “Union or Death”, a smaller, breakaway group of Young Bosnia. The Young government movement was a group made up of Serbs, Croats, and Bosniaks, committed to the independence of the South Slavic peoples from Austria-Hungary.
Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914, succeeding where one of his co-conspirators had just failed. Princip and his accomplices were arrested and implicated a number of members of the Serbian military, leading Austria-Hungary to issue a démarche to Serbia known as the July Ultimatum. This set off a chain of events that led to World War I
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