The Bukhansan National Park was in Seouland Gyeonggi covers an area of 79.92 km2 (30.86 sq mi) and was established on 2 April 1983. Bukhansan means “mountains north of the Han River.” The park contains forested areas, temples and granite peaks. The three main peaks are Baekundae (836.5m), Insubong (810.5m) and Mangnyeongdae (799.5m). Due to its popularity with hikers and Seoul residents, some trails are closed on a rotation basis to protect the local environment.
There is a current movement to have the name of Bukhansan reverted. For many years up until now, the three main peaks of the park have collectively been called “Bukhansan”; however, the original collective name of the these three peaks wasSamgaksan, meaning “three horned mountains”.
The Bukhansanseong Fortress is located in the park, together with its 9.5 km long defensive wall. A fortress was first built on this site in 132 AD to protect Seoul from foreign invasions, and it was expanded to its current size in 1711. It was reconstructed after damage sustained in the Korean War. Despiting its name, this mountain is inSeoul, South Korea, so this mountain should not be confused with North Korea.
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