The HồChíMinh Mausoleum is a large memorial to the Vietnamese leader in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is located in the centre of Ba Ðình Square, which is the place where Ho read the Declaration of Independence on September 2, 1945, establishing theDemocratic Republic of Vietnam.
Construction work began on September 2, 1973 and the structure was formally inaugurated on August 29, 1975.
The exterior is made of gray granite, while the interior is gray, black, and red polished stone. The mausoleum’s portico has the words “Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh” inscribed across it, meaning “President Ho Chi Minh.”
In his will, Ho Chi Minh stated his wish to be cremated and to have his ashes scattered in the hills of north, central, and southern Vietnam. He said that he preferred cremation because it would be “more hygienic than burial and would also save land for agricultural purposes.” The mausoleum was built in spite of his wishes.
Ho Chi Minh’s body is preserved in the cooled, central hall of the mausoleum, which is protected by a military honour guard.
The body lies in a glass case with dim lights. The mausoleum is closed occasionally while work is done to restore and preserve the body but is normally open daily from 9:00 am to noon to the public. Lines of visitors, including visiting foreign dignitaries, pay their respects at the mausoleum.
Rules regarding dress and behavior are strictly enforced by staff and guards. Legs must be covered (no shorts or miniskirts). Visitors must be silent, and walk in two lines. Hands must not be in pockets, nor arms crossed. Smoking, photography, and video taping are also not permitted anywhere inside the mausoleum.